Thursday, May 25, 2017
Wednesday, May 17, 2017
You've probably heard that all a newborn baby does is eat, poop, cry, and sleep. Sounds simple, right? It may become simple, but chances are it won't seem that way at first. Knowing what to expect from your newborn will make your first days home together a little less overwhelmingvide.
To help map out what's in store after the big homecoming, we turned to pediatricians and mothers Laura Jana and Jennifer Shu, who literally wrote the book on the topic. The third edition of their book Heading Home With Your Newborn: From Birth to Reality was released in May 2015 by the American Academy of Pediatrics.
What to expect: Newborn feeding
Because their stomachs are so tiny, newborns need to eat small amounts – about 1 to 3 ounces – frequently. Some want to nurse or have a bottle every two to three hours, while others will be hungry even more often.
While some babies announce their hunger with strong cries, others will give more subtle cues such as sucking on their hands, smacking their lips, or rooting, which is when a baby purses her lips and turns her head toward the breast or bottle.
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In their first few days, newborns typically lose about 7 percent of their body weight. While this is normal, you'll want to feed your baby every two hours or so until she's back at her birth weight.
Newborns are sleepy, so you may need to wake your baby up to feed and give her gentle encouragement to stay awake while eating. Try undressing your baby down to the diaper, rubbing her head or back, or talking to her. The goal is for your baby to be back to her birth weight at her 2-week checkup.
What to expect: Newborn burps, hiccups, and spit-ups
Some newborns need to be burped frequently, while others burp on their own and need very little assistance from you. If your baby is fussy or uncomfortable during or after a feeding, that's a cue to burp her.
You can also try burping your baby when you switch breasts, after every 2 or 3 ounces, every 10 to 15 minutes of feeding, or when your baby's finished eating. After a day or two of feedings, you'll find a pattern that works for your little one.
No need to bang your baby's back like a bongo – a gentle circular motion or soft pats will bring up the bubbles. There are several burping positions to try, including holding your baby with her head resting on your shoulder, sitting her upright on your lap with the fingers of one hand supporting her chest and chin, or laying your baby tummy-down across your lap.
Don't be alarmed by hiccups or spit-up. Hiccups are normal for new babies and don't cause them discomfort. Likewise, spitting up during and after feedings – in small amounts or what may seem like the entire feeding – is pretty normal.
If your baby's spitting-up seems excessive or is accompanied by her arching her back or crying, read more about the difference between reflux, which is normal and improves with your baby's head control, and gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD, which requires treatment. Whatever's causing it, if your baby's a spitter-upper, you'll want to keep a burp cloth handy.
What to expect: Newborn pee and poop
A breastfed newborn will have at least five wet diapers a day. A formula-fed baby may have even more than that – up to ten per day.
There's a large range for what's a "normal" number of bowel movements, too. Breastfed babies tend to poop more than formula-fed ones, since formula takes a bit longer to digest. But breastfed babies vary widely, going as seldom as once every four or more days to as often as once per feeding. Formula-fed babies typically poop a few times a day, but it can range from one poop every other day to several poops per day.
You'll want to keep track of your baby's pee and poop schedule, as the doctor may ask about her urine and bowel movements at the first checkup.
The very first bowel movements – usually occurring during the first day or two, often when you're still at the hospital – are called meconium. These first poops have a black, almost tar-like consistency. The ones that follow won't look much like grown-up poop, either. Be prepared for greenish, light brown, or seedy, mustard-yellow poops from a breastfed baby. A formula-fed baby's poop tends to be pastier and vary in color. Call the doc if your baby's stool contains whitish mucus or streaks or flecks of red, which can indicate a problem. (Red is a sign of blood in the stool.)
Normal poop consistency also ranges from very soft to watery, with breastfed babies having looser poop. This can easily be confused with diarrhea. Basically you want to keep an eye out for a change from your baby's usual pattern or consistency – which is admittedly hard when your baby is first creating a pattern. When in doubt, check with your doctor.
"If you're confused, just remember this," says Jennifer Shu. "Whether we're talking about pooping, eating, sleeping, or crying, every baby is different. Normal is actually a big range. What matters most are sudden changes – and that's when you should contact your doctor."
See our complete baby poop slideshow for a visual guide to what you might find in your baby's diaper.
Tuesday, May 16, 2017
Monday, May 15, 2017
No mum can confidently say her baby is a dream to put down at night. For first-time parents it’s the culture shock of all culture shocks, with many of us left exhausted and wondering: ‘why does my baby sleep during the day but keep us up most of the night?’
What is a sleep diary?
Why do I need one?
What’s the best way to compile one?
How long should I record things for?
Are there any diary dos and don’ts?
When should I be concerned?
Five top tips for a better night’s sleep
Thursday, May 11, 2017
Friday, April 28, 2017
When my son turned 4 months old, I knew he was ready for solid (super mashed, pureed) baby food; he had 2 teeth, he was confidently crawling without his belly touching the ground, he was showing interest in the food I was eating and he was almost able to truly sit up on his own without help. Plus… he was super active, and hungry every two hours – food needed to be added to his diet. Many forums do suggest that you wait until your child is at least 6 months of age before introducing solid foods to deter any possibility of food allergy, and to ensure that baby is able to swallow and digest the food appropriately. With my pediatrician’s input, however, we decided that Kaden was ready before that point. The following infographic visually shows which foods are okay for baby to have, and at what ages. We have always recommended all organic foods for your child, especially as their tiny little bellies are still developing (nasty pesticides and such aren’t a good mix for all that), but go with your gut and do what you feel is best for your child – we promise, we’re not telling you how to raise your kids. Remember that all fruits and vegetables should be washed thoroughly before introducing to baby. We do want to remind all mommies and daddies out there that once a new food is introduced, to continue feeding your little ones that food ONLY for a minimum of four days – this way, if your child does have an allergic reaction, you will know exactly what triggered it. All of these suggestions have been approved by our Pediatrician, but always be sure to talk to your child’s doctor before introducing any kind of food and get their opinion. You know your child better than anyone else, so also keep in mind the textures, size, and chewiness of certain foods, and how you feel your child will be able to chew or gum these items. Let Welldy or I know in the comments if you have any questions at all regarding our food timeline, or about any questions you may have on the introduction of foods for your baby in general!